Verne, Jules

   Regarded as the father of the science fiction genre, Jule Verne was born in Nantes and, while studying law in Paris, decided to pursue a career in letters. Toward the end of 1851, he began to write plays and librettos and also his first short stories (Les Premiers Navires de la marine mexicaine and Un voyage en ballon, 1851), followed in 1854 by a historical novel, Martin Paz and, in 1855, Un hivernage dans les glaces. Numerous visits at this time to the National Library allowed him to acquire a scientific vocabulary and knowledge so that he could take advantage of the popular interest in the science of the period. Influenced by Edgar Allan Poe's use of fantasy in his writings, Verne published a novel, Maîre Zacharius ou l'horloger qui a perdu son âme, and began work on the first manuscripts by Cinq semaines en ballon, which, when published in 1863, was an immediate success. it is the first volume of a series, Les Voyages extraordinaires, which includes also Les Aventures du capitaine Hatteras (1864), Les Enfants du capitaine Grant (1867-68), the famous Vingt-mille lieues sous les mers (20,000 Leagues under the Sea; 1870), Une ville flottante (1871), Au pays des fourrur-ers (1873), the celebrated Le Tour du monde en 80 jours (Around the World in Eighty Days; 1873), Une capitaine de quinze ans (1878), Deux ans de vacances (1888), Mrs. Branican (1891), L'Île à hélice (1895), Le Sphinx des glaces (1897), and L'Étonante Aventure de la mission Barsac (1910). Fascinated by aeronautics, Verne founded in 1862 with nadar a society for research into the possibility of air flight. Nadar did achieve a number of balloon ascensions, and the heroes in Verne's novels imitated him in both lighter- and heavier-than-air flights, as in the well-known De la Terre à la Lune (From the Earth to the Moon; 1865). Along with exploration of outer and interplanetary space was that of earthly or oceanic realms, as in Voyages au center de la Terre (1864). Although much interested in inventions of the future, many of which he anticipated (space flights, helicopters, submarines, guided missiles, air conditioning, motion pictures), Verne was no less concerned with contemporary events, which inspired many of his other works and, through his humanistic and scientific optimism, represent the posi-tivistic spirit of his age. His inventions reveal, too, a sense of fantasy and subtle ambiguity, the relationship between space and time, matter and energy, with heroes who are more ambiguous than they appear. All these factors demand a new reading of his works, which are much less naive than they first appear.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Verne, Jules — • Novelist (1828 1905) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Verne, Jules — born Feb. 8, 1828, Nantes, France died March 24, 1905, Amiens French writer. He studied law then worked as a stockbroker while writing plays and stories. The first of his romantic adventures (voyages extraordinaires), Five Weeks in a Balloon… …   Universalium

  • Verne,Jules — Verne (vûrn, vĕrn), Jules. 1828 1905. French writer who is considered the founder of modern science fiction. His novels include Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864) and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873). * * * …   Universalium

  • Verne, Jules — ► (1828 1905) Literato francés, creador de la novela científica y geográfica. Se dio a conocer con la obra Cinco semanas en globo (1863), que inició una serie de ininterrumpidos éxitos en la novela y también en el teatro: Viaje al centro de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VERNE, JULES —    French story teller, born at Nantes, inventor and author of a popular series of semi scientific novels; b. 1828 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Verne — Verne, Jules …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jules vernes — Jules Verne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jules Verne (homonymie) et Verne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Verne — um 1890, Fotografie von Nadar Jules Gabriel Verne (* 8. Februar 1828 in Nantes; † 24. März 1905 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules Verne (cratère) — Jules Verne Localisation Astre Lune Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Verne (disambiguation) — Jules Verne is a name and may refer to: * Jules Verne (1828 ndash;1905), French author * Jules Verne (SAJV), fictional character * Jules Verne ATV, European Space Agency spaceship * For the ships named Jules Verne, see French ship Jules Verne *… …   Wikipedia

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